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NEMA AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE IN NIGERIA

The present Administration through the National Emergency Management Agency has carried out two remarkable interventions that impacted positively to life of Nigerians. First is the Door-to-Door distribution of Emergency Food in the northeast. It is the first of its kinds since the beginning of the displacements with initial approval for the releases of 40,905.8 metric tons of grains for distribution to affected victims of insurgency. There is a total number of 1,937,992 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) enumerated in all the States in the North East. Partners like World Food Programme (WFP) and International Committee for Red Cross (ICRC) also serve other IDPs.

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DOOR-TO-DOOR DISTRBUTION OF FOODS TO DISPLACED PERSONS IN NORTH EAST AND EVACUATION OF OVER 2000 NIGERIANS STRANDED IN LIBYA

The present Administration through the National Emergency Management Agency has carried out two remarkable interventions that impacted positively to life of Nigerians. First is the Door-to-Door distribution of Emergency Food in the northeast. It is the first of its kinds since the beginning of the displacements with initial approval for the releases of 40,905.8 metric tons of grains for distribution to affected victims of insurgency. There is a total number of 1,937,992 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) enumerated in all the States in the North East. Partners like World Food Programme (WFP) and International Committee for Red Cross (ICRC) also serve other IDPs.

The second was the evacuation of Nigerians that were stranded in Libya after their failed attempts to illegally crossed over to Europe and have indicated their willingness to be evacuated back to Nigeria. These were identified to be living in both in Tripoli and its suburbs.  Additional information received indicated that quite a number of them were in the detention camps controlled by militia groups in Libya located in the Eastern and Southern parts of the country. Government engaged constructive negotiation getting most of those in the camps to be released before they were evacuated back home.

  1. EMERGENCY FOOD DISTRIBUTIO IN THE NORTH EAST

The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) in response to the humanitarian needs of the displaced persons in the North-East directed an Emergency Food Intervention project to be managed and coordinated by the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in collaboration with the security services. The Vice President, Professor Yemi Osinbajo flagged off the project on

8th June 2017. The identified states for the special distribution are Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, and Taraba.

As a coordinated approach to the project, a committee was set up to actualize the special food intervention with members drawn from representatives from the office of the National Security Adviser (NSA), Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Chief of Naval Staff (CONS), Chief of Air Staff (COAS), Department of State Security (DSS) and the Nigeria Police. The committee also includes representatives from the Presidency.

Vice President Professor Yemi Osinbajo flagging off the special food distribution in Maiduguri, Borno State. With him were DG NEMA and the Governors of Borno and Bauchi States.

The special food intervention was necessitated by announcement from the International Humanitarian partners; particularly the United Nations agencies providing various supports in the northeast, due to funding gaps it was compelled to scale down activities by 85% of the food distribution. Which was going to severely impact negatively on the Internally Displaced Persons. Therefore, the Federal Government, realizing the imperative to save the consequences, took the bold decision of scaling up its intervention and giving the responsibility to the multi-stakeholders committee under the coordination of NEMA.

The Agency as part of its action plan made presentations to the Office of the Vice President with CBN Governor, Ministers of Finance, Agriculture, Budget & National Planning and Foreign Affairs in attendance. The committee also embarked on a visitation to the North-East and in the process, held meetings in Maiduguri with the Theatre Commander, the Governor and Borno State Emergency Management Agency, UNOCHA, WFP, IOM, UNHCR, ICRC, NRC and a host of others in order to harmonise plans and strategies towards achieving optimal success in the implementation of the project.

The Emergency Food distribution project, which is the first of its kinds, had approval for initial release of 40,905.8 metric tons of grains for distribution as follows:

Maize:                                               16,637.02 MT

Sorghum:                                          5,734 MT

Soya Beans:                                                8,534.06 MT

Rice:                                                  10,000 MT

Total                                                          40,905.8 MT

However, 5,000 MT out of the 10,000 MT of rice was given to WFP as a support in responding to the needs of the people in the North East.

The commencement of the project marked the introduction of the Door-to-Door distribution of food in the management of IDPs in Nigeria. In implementing the food distribution, a team was selected per State with a team leader to coordinate the enumeration and food distribution to enumerated IDPs. In all 253,254 House Holds (HH) and 1,546,795 persons have be served in the food distribution since the beginning in June, 2017.

DISTRIBUTION MODALITIES

The modalities adopted in the distribution were strategically aimed at ensuring transparency and accountability while easing the stress of the beneficiaries having to queue or wait for a long time before being attended to. It also effectively moved from the use of the wet ration which involved cooking in the camp to the dry ration System in combination with the non – food items (NFI).

The distribution is based on standard family size of Six (6) persons per Household and Food Ration per individual for 30 days, which is 280g x 30/ 1000Kg equal to 8.4 Kg.  Each household collect a total food ration of 6 people multiplied by 8.4kg = 50.4 Kg. Where there is variation of 6 persons per household a factor is added to the total food ration.

Mini pick-up used to carry the food items to the door steps of the IDPs for the direct distribution

To be concise, the modalities are made up of transporting the food items to NEMA warehouses in the states, thereafter to the camp holding stores and locations close to or around the IDPs. Officers from NEMA were deployed for the direct distribution on the basis of door-to-door using the vouchers earlier distributed to identify the beneficiaries.

NEMA Staff distributing the food items to the IDPs at their door steps

 Some IDPs displaying the food items received and their vouchers.

 

          BENEFICIARIES OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION  
S/N State HHs Covered IDPs Served  
1 Adamawa 40,084 253,742
2 Bauchi 10,649 65,560
3 Borno 144,240 865,440
4 Gombe 7,120 42,720
5 Taraba 10,433 62,598
6 Yobe 40,728 256,735
    253,254 1,546,795

 2. EVACUATION OF STRANDED NIGERIAN IN LIBYA

The Federal Government of Nigeria in response to the international outcry on the situation of Nigeria in Libya mandated the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) to plan, coordinate and commence the action of massive evacuation of Nigeria in Libya. The Agency and relevant stakeholders swinged to action after series of activities ranging from data acquiring, fact finding, diplomatic negotiation and actual evacuation of Nigeria from Libya.

The stranded Nigerians being profiled before departure from Mitiga Airport, Tripoli, Libya

 SSA-P with some of the stranded Nigerians in Libya

 COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES

To ensure proper coordination and smooth evacuation exercise after presidential approval was secured, an operational structure and workflow was established. The structure has the Secretariat at the centre coordinating the activities of the Fact-finding Mission in Libya (Short and Long term), the Reception Center in Port Harcourt, Monitoring and Evaluation, Media and Publicity, and the Airlines Operations. Upon establishment, members of the Secretariat and Monitoring and Evaluation were constituted, Fact-finding short-term mission trip and the Reception Center initiated.

 FACT FINDING MISSION TEAM

The Fact-finding short-term mission team, composed of Chief Executives of the stakeholders Agencies under the leadership of the Honourable Minister of Foreign Affairs, were in Libya from Wednesday 3rd January 2018 to Saturday 6th January 2018 and carried out diplomatic negotiations processes which eventually guaranteed diplomatic backing for effective and smooth operations of the Technical Team. The efforts of the Fact Finding Mission saw to the airlift of the first batch of returnees (on Sunday 7th January 2018) as well as ensuring the provision of an enabling environment for subsequent evacuations.

Honourable Minister of Foreign Affairs led team of the fact-finding mission arriving Port Harcourt International Airport after a successful mission to Libya

 RECEPTION CENTER

The Reception Center at the Port Harcourt Airport was upgraded by the Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, feeding and logistics was handled by the NEMA South-South Zonal Office and the area was highly secured by the Security Agencies headed by the Military. At Reception Center as strategic holding area, the returnees were adequately profile, assessment of their health status with adequate medical attention provided and thereafter released to their respective states governments.

The stranded Nigeria migrants boarding the chartered flight from Libya to Nigeria

 ARRIVAL OF EVACUEES

As at 28th February 2018, a total of Two Thousand, One Hundred and Thirty (2,130) Nigerians were evacuated from Libya under this project. The evacuation was carried-out in five (5) airlifts; four (4) sorties by Max Air and one (1) by Medview Airlines

S/N BATCH ARRIVAL MALE FEMALE CHILDREN TOTAL HOSPITALIZED
1 FIRST 07/01/18 392 89 5  486 5
2 SECOND 08/01/18 337 132 15  484 15
3 THIRD 13/01/18 380 150 20  550 12
4. FOURTH 03/02/18 257 177 32 466 2
5. FIFTH 13/02/18 79 47 8 134 3
  TOTAL   1,445  595   80 2,120 37

 

Due to deteriorating and extreme security situation in Libya the Operation was suspended. In addition to the fact that other Nigerians in Libya were identified in militia-controlled areas, which are not easily accessible, Nigerians in such areas can be released in small number and will take a longer period.

In view of these an understanding was reached between the team and International Organization For Migration (IOM) which strength the collaborative relation for continue operation

Arrival of the stranded Nigerians at the Port Harcourt International Airport

 

Another batch of the returnees disembarking from the aircraft

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